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Wales is a separate country from England, but does that mean you need a passport to visit?
If you are visiting Wales from another country within the United Kingdom (i.e. England, Scotland, or Northern Ireland), then you do not need a passport. However, if you are visiting Wales from an international destination, then a passport is required to enter the country.
In the rest of this article, we’ll look at each mode of transport and exactly what you’ll be asked for, including an exemption for Irish citizens.
Do You Need A Passport To Go To Wales?
As we’ve already established, you only need a passport to visit Wales from an international destination outside of the United Kingdom.
If you’re visiting Wales from England, Scotland, or Northern Ireland, you do not need a passport.
Let’s take a look at each mode of travel to understand exactly what you’ll be asked for:
- By Road: If you’re travelling over the border from England to Wales by car, bus, or any other road transport, you do not need a passport or any form of identification. There are no stops or checks when travelling by land between England and Wales because there is no hard border.
- By Rail: When travelling from England to Wales by train, you do not need a passport or any identification. The only thing you will be asked for is a valid train ticket.
- By Air: If you’re taking a domestic flight to Wales from England, Scotland, or Northern Ireland, you will not need a passport, however, most airlines require that you have some form of photographic ID. If you are flying to Wales from a country outside of the United Kingdom, you will need a passport regardless of your nationality.
- By Sea: When travelling to Wales from Ireland, British and Irish citizens do not need a passport, however, ferry operators will require some form of ID such as a driving licence. All other nationalities will need a passport to travel to Wales from Ireland2 (source: Stena Line).
Do You Need a Visa To Visit Wales?
Wales shares a visa and immigration system with the rest of the United Kingdom, therefore the same visa rules apply to Wales, England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
Citizens of the UK, EU, USA, and many commonwealth countries do not need a visa to visit Wales for up to 6 months. See my dedicated article for a full list of countries that require a visa to visit Wales.
Do You Need A Passport To Travel Within The UK?
No, you do not need a passport to travel domestically within the UK.
Do You Need ID To Enter Wales From England?
No, you do not need any ID to enter Wales from England by land (road or rail), however, most airlines will ask you to provide ID if you are flying to Wales from England.
Is There A Border Between England And Wales?
Yes, technically there is a border between England and Wales because they are two separate countries, however, there is no hard border so you will not be stopped to check passports or visas when travelling by land between the two.
Kieren is the founder and editor-in-chief of Wales Guidebook. Originally from rural Mid-Wales, he has lived all over the country from Cardiff to Wrexham. A true Welshman, Kieren created this site to share his passion for Wales and help others discover this beautiful country.